In, drums are a traditional instrument at festivals and weddings. They are also used to lớn announce arrivals to the community, signal when school starts or ends, và accompany musical performances.

In, drums are a traditional instrument at festivals và weddings. They are also used to lớn announce arrivals to lớn the community, signal when school starts or ends, and accompany musical performances.

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Depending on the occasion, drums can either create an atmosphere of joyful union or sad separation. When festival drumbeats are played, farmers put on their most beautiful costumes and flock to the festival. Drums have become an indispensable part of dinnerbylany.comese community activities.

Doi Tam village is famous for drum-making. Located at the foot of scenic Doi Mountain in the northern province of Ha Nam, the craft village has been making drums for more than a thousand years.

Le Ngoc Minh, the village chief, said “Our drum making is said khổng lồ have a 1,000-year history. The founder of the craft was Nguyen Duc Nang. In 987, to lớn welcome King Le Dai hanh hao to Doi Tam village to attend a plough ceremony, Nang made a giant drum lớn present khổng lồ the King. The drum when played created sounds lượt thích thunder. Nang was given the title ‘Master of Thunder’. Drums are used in all kinds of festivals.”

To make a good drum requires great care và expertise in choosing & assembling materials. Khổng lồ create the right sound for each drum, the work must be precise và often involves secrets handed down from generation to generation.

Artisan Pham chi Khang said assembling the drum barrel is the most important stage.

“This is a village secret. In 2007, Doi Tam village was one of the first 12 handicraft villages granted by the Craft Village Association the title ‘outstanding craft village’ of’. Other villages make drums but they can’t match our drums’ characteristics. Many others try to lớn imitate our style,” Khang elaborated.

He recalled “The biggest drum I ever made was a royal drum 3.1 meters high & 2.35 meters in diameter. The biggest drum in Southeast Asia was also made by Doi Tam villagers. The bigger a drum is, the more precision it requires, and the more time it takes.”

When there is a flood, fire, or death in the village, the drum is used as a gọi to arms or to lớn announce a period of mourning. During the War, the sound of the drum roused soldiers into kích hoạt in the countryside. It is also used as a mark of respect during a Cheo or Ca tru performance. During a performance, a connoisseur will knock the drum stick against the side of the drum at appropriate moments to show his appreciation.

Tran Dinh Tien, head of the Culture & Information Section in Duy Tien district, said “In the old days, drums were used in combat against foreign invaders. Drumming invites people to lớn participate in community activities. The drum is an indispensable part of community festivals because it wakes up spirits.”

Doi Tam produces many kinds of drums, ranging from drums for Cheo singing to drums for festivals or schools, with diameters ranging from 20cm lớn 2m. Lớn celebrate the 990th anniversary of Thang Long-Hanoi, Doi Tam craftsmen made the largest drum in, which is now at the Temple of Literature in Hanoi. The drum is more than 2 meters in diameter, 2.65m in height, & 10cu.m in volume.

Artisan Khang said "We produce about 25 types of drums. Drums for rituals or sacrifice offering rites are called spiritual or worship drums. Drums used at community festivals are called festival drums. Drums used in pagodas are different from those in temples or communal houses. For example, the drum used in a communal house should be big. Its sound represents the tutelary god who rules the village. The drum in a temple which worships saints is of medium size. But a pagoda drum can be small. That’s why I say, depending on its purpose, a person can order a big or small drum.”

A drum is made in 3 stages: leather tanning, drum-barrel making, & drumhead stretching. Doi Tam craftsmen use buffalo skins lớn make drum heads. They shave buffalo leather until it becomes very thin, và then dry it in the sun. The drum-barrel is made of dried jackfruit wood. Stretching a drumhead is the most difficult task because it requires an artisan’s skill to lớn assess the sound.

According to artisan Khang, drum makers choose a pattern khổng lồ suit each type of drums.

“The pattern depends on the drum’s purpose. For example, we draw clouds on festival drums. For pagoda, temple, or communal house drums, common patterns are dragon-shaped clouds. Temple drums might also have phoenixes. Patterns on drums used by members of art troupes are brocade designs or something similar to the motifs of bronze drums. Drums for cultural events are decorated with cranes. The drumheads of festival drums, of course, must have light rays spreading out to lớn symbolize the world,” Khang explained.

The village has formed a 60-member drumming team to perform at festivals nationwide. The team includes 48 married women & 12 older men who play bronze musical instruments lượt thích gongs & cymbals.

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Le Thi Thuy Thuong, a member of the team, said membership is a great honor.

“Although I’m busy with farming, I was ready to lớn join the team as soon as I was asked. The female team members are excited to bring Doi Tam drumbeats to lớn places across the country. Though the remuneration is not much, we like playing drums and love helping lớn preserve a traditional craft,” Huong explained.

In the decade since its establishment, the team has become widely known for its jubilant sound, which at times suggests a troop setting off for battle.

Le Thi Dao, another team member, said the team practices hard. She said: “At first it was quite difficult. I had to lớn learn from the other team members who were already skilled in drum techniques. I play backing drum khổng lồ complement the ones in the front line who play the main drums. Playing drums has become the village’s culture. It feels great khổng lồ be hired lớn play for an event. We usually perform just one day.”

As a native of Doi Tam village, vị Thi Nguyet learned to make drums from her parents when she was a little girl. She has become an expert in all steps, even the most difficult ones.

Nguyet, who is now the head of the Doi Tam drum team, said she can play every piece correctly, even with her eyes closed.

“We can play the drums for all kinds of festivals. The plough ceremony, for example, which involves drumming for a procession, is followed by drumming to welcome guests, và then a finale. Each part lasts 5 khổng lồ 7 minutes,” Nguyet said.

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Doi Tam village is very famous for its drum-making techniques. The village is located at the foot of Doi Mountain in Doi Son commune, Duy Tien district, the northern province of Ha Nam. Doi Tam has 545 families và around 550 villagers are drum makers. Coming lớn Doi Tam, visitors will see big drums placed in front of each house in the village & hear the sound of planers & saws from every house. Dinh Van Buc, 70, the manager of Doi Tam village’s temple, said the village has produced drums for over 1,000 years. It is said that brothers Nguyen Duc Nang và Nguyen Duc Ban were the founders of Doi Tam.

In 986, to lớn welcome King Le Dai khô cứng to Doi Tam village to lớn attend a plough ceremony, the two brothers made a big drum, which created sounds lượt thích thunder. The brothers were called Trang Sam (Masters of Thunder). According to lớn custom, drum-making techniques are transferred to sons và their wives, not daughters & their husbands. Any family that breaches the rules is expelled và cursed & booted from the drum-making occupation.

A drum is made in three major stages: leather tanning, drum-barrel making và drumhead stretching. Doi Tam craftsmen use buffalo skin to lớn make drum heads. They shave buffalo leather till it becomes very thin và dry it in the sun. The drum-barrel is made of dried jackfruit timber. Stretching a drumhead is the most difficult task because it requires craftsmen’s skills to lớn assess the sound. According lớn Mr. Buc, Doi Tam kids are taught about the village’s tradition when they are 5 years old. At the age of 14-15, Doi Tam boys travel with their fathers lớn other regions in the country to make and repair drums.

The village’s chief, Dinh Van Luong, said since the government banned firecrackers, drum-making has developed strongly. The village has 14 enterprises producing drum-barrels, 13 making buffalo leather, và 10 making drums. The village is producing various kinds of drums, from drums for cheo singing, for festivals, for schools, etc. With diameters from 20cm khổng lồ 2m, as well as timber wine jars & timber bathtubs.

Villagers earn VND1-1.5 million/person/month on average. Doi Tam village was recognised as a traditional craft village in October 2004. The Craft Village Association granted it the “’s outstanding craft village” title in November 2007. To lớn celebrate the 990th anniversary of Thang Long-$bigcity_Hanoi:"Hanoi" capital, Doi Tam craftsmen made the largest drum in, which is now at the Hanoi-based Van Mieu (Temple of Literature). The drum is 2.01m in diameter, 2.65m in height, và 10cu.m in volume. Luong said the village will make an even larger drum with a diameter of 2.3m & a height of 3m to celebrate the 1,000th anniversary of Thang Long-Hanoi. Not only does it make drums, the village has formed a drum-playing team with 60 members to serve festivals in the country. The team includes 12 healthy và experienced old men and 48 married women.